Types of sponges
History of using sponges
The use of sponge in the kitchen began in 1932. Initially, it was made of viscose. It was not until 1960 that the sponge was manufactured in its present form, with a green side (for scratching) and a yellow side (for cleaning). Very quickly, this essential product was indispensable for cleaning and cleaning the house. And even outside. Thanks to its porous structure, it is capable of absorbing up to 22 times its dry mass.
Whether for indoor cleaning or construction sites, it is important that sponges are adapted to suit every situation so that they can effectively clean contaminated or damaged areas. There are different sponges: simple, natural or artificial cleaning sponges, scrap sponges or even metal sponges. With this guide you will learn what criteria to consider when buying your sponges and how to use them.
Daily cleaning sponges
There are two types of more or less absorbent cleaning sponges:
- Natural sponge
Made from sea sponge, it is highly resistant to abrasion and is often vulnerable to decomposition. You can even use it for compost until you cut it into small pieces.
- Artificial sponge
Artificial sponge is cheaper and easily washed. However, it has a lower adsorption time and higher resistance than natural sponges. These sponges can be used to clean the kitchen, dishes and surfaces. They are soft and do not groove.
Among the synthetic sponges, there are microfiber sponges that absorb and even scratch the surface contaminants. With these sponges you can get rid of stubborn stains on the dishes or on the bathroom surfaces (for example to clean the ceramic tub, PVC shower screen, etc.). Other advantages of this type of sponge are washable. And it’s also easier to maintain.
- Grooved sponges for rough surfaces
To clean very difficult surfaces, grooved sponge will no doubt be the best tool for you.
The grooved hygienic detergent sponge contains a plant sponge that is highly absorbent and consists of a polyamide fiber pad. Therefore, you can apply rough surfaces on your home appliances and polish the surfaces easily. This type of sponge can also be used in the kitchen or bathroom at any time.
There is also a stronger grooved sponge, which is a magical tool for difficult surfaces and can easily clean surfaces. It is a rubber sponge that eliminates even stubborn stains. This type of sponge easily absorbs water and is very suitable for rubbing the surfaces.
Grooved sponges clean much faster and more efficiently than ordinary sponges.
Finally, if you want to clean brittle surfaces without scratching them like chrome, brass, polished stainless steel, epoxy, Pyrex or even porcelain, this sponge is very practical and effective.
- Metal sponges for purposeful use
Another type of metal sponge is specifically used for surface preparation and for quick cleaning of surfaces. For example, they are used to clean and remove paint stains or to prepare surfaces before painting.
Metallic sponges are also available in wool or metallic wool and can be used as cleaning products. These sponges are of varying thicknesses with ultra-large, fine, medium-sized models depending on their needs You can select.
Metal fabric is also used for cleaning before painting and for cleaning the floors of buildings and tools. We recommend that you use these sponges with gloves, as using metal sponges without gloves can damage your hands.
- Wash sponges
Washing sponges are made from plant materials and are usually used in cellulose or cotton fibers. This increases the power of water absorption and contamination and stains by them. This sponge is reinforced with a shell that improves its strength. Washing sponges are usually divided into 3 types or models:
- Dry sponges
Used for washing water-resistant surfaces. Dry sponge is made up of 100% degradable cellulose and must be stored in a dry environment.
B – Wet sponges
Like the dry sponge, it is made of 100% degradable cellulose but impregnated with plastic and allows it to be stored in a humid environment.
C – Rough sponges for surfaces
The sponge is very strong and reinforced and is ideal for cleaning surfaces with high friction.
- French sponge or tampon
A type of wash sponge is produced in France, also called tampon, and these sponges consist of a cleaner layer, an artificial abrasive pad and an absorbent layer.
In French, the tampon stands for the word pad and sponge.
Tampons are often used to clean dishes. The cleaning layer of these sponges can be of different colors depending on their application:
Green for everyday use
Red for compact use (burnt food residue)
Blue for light wash
White for delicate surfaces
Silver for very fine surfaces (ceramics, glass, etc.)
Tampons are divided into two categories:
The synthetic pad is made of polyurethane and has no pores like other sponges. Highly flexible and lightweight, its texture allows for the proper flooring when cleaning. It is not degradable and does not use bleach, but it is very easy to wash.
The sides of the synthetic pad allow you to wash it. This type of sponge can be used for many everyday tasks, but it is less absorbent than herbal sponges.
It is more absorbent than synthetic tampons and eliminates wet surfaces. The sponge part is completely herbal and nutritious and resistant to bleaching.